Thursday, June 9, 2011

Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes During Pregnancy

During pregnancy gestational diabetes is among the most prevalent health problems. Gestational diabetes happens only in pregnant women. Around 3 to 10% of pregnancies are affected by gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is also recognized as gestational diabetes mellitus and GDM. It is temporary problem which goes away in a few weeks after child birth. 46 in every 1,000 women are affected by gestational diabetes during their first pregnancy, 52 in every 1,000 women affected during their second pregnancy while 18 in every 1,000 women affected during both pregnancy. Read on the article to know the symptoms of gestational diabetes.

During pregnancy placental release hormones that ensure the fetus growth but at once they block the action of insulin in the body cells which causes 'insulin resistance'. The pregnant woman find difficulty in using insulin thus the body requires more insulin which it fails to create. So the level of glucose in blood increases causing hyperglycemia. The risk of gestational diabetes is higher in women who are obese, have family history of diabetes, whose age is above 25 years and have prediabetes. Women of certain races such as black, American Indian, Hispanic or Asian woman are also at high risk of developing gestational diabetes. To know whether you are affected by Gestational diabetes or not you should get an oral glucose tolerance test between 24th and 28th week of pregnancy.

Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes during Pregnancy

  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Nausea
  • Frequent urination
  • Increased hunger
  • Frequent bladder
  • Vision problems
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Unusual excessive thirst
  • Excessive tiredness, fatigue
  • Vaginal and/or skin infections

Complications of Gestational Diabetes:

To Mother:
Women experience too much tiredness and low energy levels. Women may develop type II diabetes in the next 10 to 20 years. It also increases the risk of miscarriage and developing pre-eclampsia & Cesarean delivery.

To Child:
Gestational diabetes affects the developing baby all through the pregnancy. It increases the risk of birth defects, breathing problems, over nutrition and excess growth of the baby. At the time of birth the baby can be hypoglycemic, fat and overweight.

Treatment of Gestational Diabetes
You can treat gestational diabetes by consuming proper diet, doing exercise and taking medications. You must decrease the consumption of sugars & fats as well as increase the intake of complex carbohydrates & fiber. Regularly consume fresh fruits and vegetables. Avoid the intake of starchy foods. Regular exercise keeps the blood sugar levels low. Doctors may recommend anti-diabetic drugs and insulin as per the severity of symptoms.

Video of Diabetes During Pregnancy: What is Gestational Diabetes? from youtube:

Video of Gestational Diabetes from youtube:


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