Sunday, April 1, 2012

Risks and Side effects of IUD Birth Control

Birth control is nowadays possible using different methods like pills, birth control rings and latest intrauterine devices that can be used as a contraceptive device. IUD is the small T-shaped device made up of plastic that is to be applied inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy. IUD is removable birth control device that can be applied as well as removed easily. There are two types of IUDs - the copper IUD (non-hormonal) and the Mirena IUD (with hormones). The hormonal IUDs are introduced recently as the long acting reversible contraceptive that continues between 3 and 10 years. Many IUDs are made of plastic T- or U-shaped frame, which is enfolded in copper wire. It prevents pregnancy until it is removed from the uterus. IUD is widely used all over the world by millions of women as a method of reversible birth control though it has been found recently. The device is to be fitted and removed from the uterus with the advice of doctor or qualified medical practitioner. Along with the effective results of the intrauterine device, there are many side effects of it.

Risks and Side effects of IUD Birth Control
How Intrauterine device works?

The hormonal intrauterine device or copper IUD alter the cervical mucus and kills the sperm inside the uterus. But the initial exercise is believed to prevent the fertilization. IUD contains such chemicals that alter the natural liberation in the uterus, which makes it difficult for the sperm to arrive and fertilize egg in the uterus. However, both the Hormonal and copper IUD works differently but ultimately gives the same result.
Copper IUDs liberate a little amount of copper into the uterus. Copper IUD does not disturb the ovulation. Sperm is restricted from reaching into the egg by preventing its way to the fallopian tubes. Sometimes if the fertilization occurs then copper changes the outside layer of the uterus to prevent the growth on the wall of uterus.

The progesterone intrauterine device releases the hormones into the uterus. It becomes difficult for the sperm to enter the cervix as hormones clots cervical mucus. Hormonal or progesterone IUD reduces the growth of uterine layer, which results into isolation of the fertilized eggs.

How to insert IUD?

The assessment is necessary before inserting an IUD. An IUD should be placed only after the assurance from the healthcare provider that the reproductive organs are not infected. The user should clear all the questions before inserting IUD to avoid the future side effects. Essential tests are performed before inserting the device. The intrauterine device is located into the uterus through the vagina and cervix. After performing the tests, it is decided whether the IUD is suitable for the woman or not.

Effective results of IUD

IUD is the more efficient birth control device when compared to other methods. It has been found that intrauterine device is 99% effective; if it is inserted correctly. It has been found that Hormonal IUD is more effective than Copper IUD. Different IUDs have different results but in all it has been found that 1 from 30 women does not get benefited with the IUD and gets unplanned pregnancy.

The IUD is not convenient to use for those women who are subjected to sexually transmitted diseases. It is also restricted to pregnant women; women having HIV or AIDS or distorted uterus. The women who face the constant anemia should concern doctor before using a different birth control method. The women using the IUD should check regularly to keep aside the problem.

Dangerous consequences of Intrauterine Device

IUD is effective tool but on the other hand it has many side effects too. It involves many risks related to the health of the user. The side effects of birth control differ from woman to woman. The irregularity occurs in the menstrual cycle due to IUD, which puts the woman at the higher risk of anemia and many such side effects occur due to intrauterine device, which can be summarized as follows:
  • Irregular bleeding during menstruation
  • Headaches
  • Increased risk of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  • Perforation occurs in the uterus
  • Unexpected Pregnancy during IUD application
  • Pain in Pelvic region
  • Cramping and pain especially by Copper IUD
  • Impulsive expulsion - almost 2 to 10 percent in first year of IUD use
  • Breast tenderness
  • Vomiting
  • Spots on Skin
  • Increases the risk of pelvic infection more often for woman having more than one sexual partner
  • Ectopic pregnancy or Tubal pregnancy can be caused, which if not treated properly may cause death
Who should not use IUD?
  • IUD is unsuitable to women who have unusual bleeding or cancer of the uterus
  • Women who are pregnant should ignore IUD
  • Women having problems with their immune system
  • Gonorrhea or Chlamydia infected women
  • Women allergic to copper or undergoing heat treatments
  • Women who have heart disease or simulated heart valve
  • Women suffering from Sexually transmitted diseases like AIDS, HIV
  • Even women affected by infection like leukemia, untreated pelvic infection or taking intravenous medicines
  • Women with reproductive organ infections, liver tumor and breast cancer
  • Women infected by any other major or minor disease should use IUD only after concerning doctors
Side Effects of IUD Birth Control from youtube:


Hi, I got an IUD about five months ago but I'm still having irregular bleeding between my cycle. I've been having dizzy spells, headaches, pelvic pains and been vomiting. I went and talked to my doctor who is Dr. Miller in Enderby B.C and he booked an ultra-sound for my in October. I'm not sure if I should have my IUD removed sooner then that. I'm tired of having all these symptoms though... Help... ?

I got an IUD about 2 years ago and I just found out that I am 8 weeks pregnant at the age of 43. Nothing is 100% effective.

Is there a possibility with the use of Mirena, that it can cause breakouts, after 2 years?

i just got the mirena iud and its great so far

A friend of mine had this IUD, after a couple of months she's been experiencing sorts of negative effects due to this device. I did a little digging and bumped up with this information "mirena iud lawsuit". I never thought that this device can cause this much trouble to its consumer.

Hi I have iud bt when I have sex I bleed y?? Is that normal?

Hi nervous her I'm a mom of I know what its like to findout and be pregnant. After my second immediately I got the iud. 4 yrs now still have it in place with no problems..until now. I Dnt know how to tell if I'm pregnant while on iud..what should I look for or types of symptoms..?? How did you know? Besides going to doctor

Hi, im 20years and had 2 abortions.Its been 5 months now having this IUD Copper Device and i cant handle the pain and cramps in my lower abdomen, the discharge has a bad smell can this also be a side effect of the device or i may have encountered an infection? I think i will have it removed.

I've had my iud for 1yr and 4month now I'm having cramps.. and fell like vomiting..
I think I might be pregant;/ I will go check myself. Asap!

hi, my mom has a copper iud device implanted in her about 5 year ago. she's 37 years old and she's experiencing really heavy menstrual flow, occasional cramps, skin spots, and she's easily bruised. she had a heart disease before and lately she's having chest pains. i want to know if she should have it removed. she doesn't want to use contraceptive pills because she doesn't want to gain weight, is there any other alternative that she can use?

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